**Monday**

Understand the meaning of Temperature

Read temperature on thermometer

Resources

Learn Mathematics

Book 5, page 308

Cup, water, containers, flashcards

Introduction to Temperature

The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or object is called its Temperature.

To measure temperature we use the thermometer.

There are two main units to measure temperature.

i. the degree Celsius (C)

ii. the degree Fahrenheit (f)

Read temperature on thermometer

To read the temperature, look at the number or mark beside the top of the shaded column.

Note:

When the temperature falls below zero degree Celsius, we use negative number and that means it is getting colder. If the temperature rises and the Celsius is increasing in number from zero, then it is getting warmer.

**STARTER**

Begin the lesson by showing them a video on temperature.

Pupils should be able to understand temperature and its meaning.

seat work: Learn mathematics 5, page 308, exercise 1 (1 - 5)

Learn

mathematics Book 4, page 308 , exercise (5 – 10)

**Tuesday**

Measure Temperature of substances such as hot water and cold water

Resources

Learn Mathematics

Book 5, page 309 - 312

Cup, water, containers, flashcards

Finding temperature of the water

Get three containers, label the three X,Y and Z

i. pour some cold water from the refrigerator in cup X

ii. pour water from the tap in bowl Y

iii. pour some hot water in bowl Z

iv. note the temperature of each water in terms of hotness, coldness and medium.

v. record your results

**STARTER**

Start the lesson by asking them questions on which is colder an ice block or cold water? And also a beans stew and hot water which is hotter?

Pupils should be able to:

Guess the temperature of substances whether hot or cold.

Resources

Learn mathematics Book 4, page 308 , exercise (11 - 15)

**Wednesday**

Changing units of temperature. That is Celsius to Fahrenheit and vice-versa

Resources

Learn Mathematics

Book 5, page 313

Cup, water, containers, flashcards

Changing units of temperature

There are 100 divisions on the Celsius scale and (212 – 32) = 180 divisions on the Fahrenheit

The boiling point of water is 100 C or 32F.

This shows that 100C corresponds to 18 divisions. Therefore the ratio of the division in Celsius scale to Fahrenheit is 100 to 180

This is written as:

100:180 or 100/180 reducing to lowest term, we have 5:9 or 5/9

This shows that 1C is 9/5 of F and 1F is 5/9C. it also means that one division of the Celsius scale corresponds to 9/5 division of the Fahrenheit scale; one division of the Fahrenheit scale is 5/9 of the Celsius scale. From this, a formula is obtained for changing from Celsius to Fahrenheit scale as follows.

Example

1. change 20C to F

Solution

Using the formula

F = 9/5 C + 32

F = 9/5 x 20 + 32

F = 36 + 32

F = 68

Therefore, 20C is 68F

STARTER

Start the lesson by asking them questions on which is colder an ice – block or cold water? And also a beans stew and hot water which is hotter?

Pupils should be able to

Change or convert units of temperature.

EXERCISE

Learn mathematics Book 4, page 315 , exercise (1 - 5)

**Thursday**

Changing units of temperature.

Resources

Learn Mathematics

Book 5, page 314

Cup, water, containers, flashcards

Changing units of temperature.

To change from Celsius to Fahrenheit we use the formula:

F = 9/5 C + 32

To change from Fahrenheit to Celsius we use the formula:

C = 5/9 (F – 32)

Examples

1. Change 86F to C

Solution

Using the formula

C = 5/9 (C – 32)

C = 5/9 (86 - 32)

C = 5/9 x 54 = 30

= 30C

Therefore 86F is 30C

STARTER

Begin the lesson by doing the first example for them.

Pupils should be able to

Calculate and convert C to F and vice versa

Learn

mathematics Book 4, page 308 , exercise (11 - 15)

Learn

mathematics Book 4, page 308 , exercise (16 - 20)

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