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CAPACITY MEASURE LESSON PLAN AND LESSON NOTE FOR BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Subject: MATHEMATICS                        Topic: CAPACITY MEASUREMENT                     

Monday Define capacity measure Convert units of capacity measures
Resources  Inside out  Learn   mathematics Book 6, pages   47 containers, buckets, Gallon, bottles.  INTRODUCTION TO CAPACITY MEASURES  The quantity of liquid a container can hold is known as capacity of the container. For example the amount of water a keg or gallon can hold is the capacity of the keg. 
CONVERSION OF UNITS OF CAPACITY There are various units for measuring the capacity or volume of liquid. The basic ones are the liters (l) and the Milliliter (ml).  Great capacities are measured in liters while small capacities are measure in cubic centimeter (cm³) or milliliters TABLE OF CAPACITY MEASURES 10 milliliters (ml) = 1 centiliter (cl)  10 cl = 1 deciliter (dl)  10 dl = 1 liter (l)  1000 ml = 1 liter 100 cl = 1 liter 1000 l = 1 kiloliter (kl) 
STARTER Begin the lesson by showing the pupils various containers and asking them which one will ho…

UNDERSTANDING TEMPERATURE LESSON NOTE AND PLAN FOR BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Monday
Understand the meaning of Temperature
Read temperature on thermometer Resources  Learn Mathematics Book 5, page 308 Cup, water, containers, flashcards



Introduction to Temperature

The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or object is called its Temperature.
To measure temperature we use the thermometer.
There are two main units to measure temperature. i. the degree Celsius (C) ii. the degree Fahrenheit (f)
Read temperature on thermometer To read the temperature, look at the number or mark beside the top of the shaded column. Note: When the temperature falls below zero degree Celsius, we use negative number and that means it is getting colder. If the temperature rises and the Celsius is increasing in number from zero, then it is getting warmer. 
STARTER Begin the lesson by showing them a video on temperature. Pupils should be able to understand temperature and its meaning.
seat work: Learn mathematics 5, page  308, exercise 1 (1 - 5)
Learn  mathematics Book 4, page  308 , exercise (5 – 10)


Tuesday Me…

SIMPLE EXPERIMENTALPROJECT SHOWING HOW TO MAKE A STEAM TURBINE FOR BOTH JUNIOR AND HIGH SCHOOL

A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.

1. Cut a circle 3 inches across from a thick foil food tray. Pierce a small hole in the center, then snip in toward the hole with your scissors as shown in the image. Twist the sections slightly to make the blades. 

2. Punch two small holes in the top of a full, soda can—one in the center, the other about half an inch to one side. Empty the soda out and pour half cup of water into the can
3. To make the stand, cut a piece of thick foil 8 inches long and 14 inches wide. Fold in half lengthwise, then bend into shape as shown so it fits across the top of the can. Make a small hole 2 inches up on each side of the stand.
4. Fix the stand onto the can with a small screw. Then push a 4 inches long wooden skewer through the holes in the sides of the stand, threading the wheel in place as you go.
5. Make sure the blades of the wheel are positioned over the sma…

DISCOUNT AND COMMISSION MATHEMATICS LESSON PLAN AND LESSON NOTE FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Monday
Meaning of Discount 
Finding cost and cash price on discounted goods
Resources  Inside out  Learn   mathematics Book 6, page  125 
items like; currency note Milo, biscuits, books, pencils, school bag



Meaning of Discount Discount is a reduction in the price of an article. It is often a certain percentage of the actual price of the article.
Examples 1. A table clock cost $200, and a 10% discount is given for paying cash. What is the cash price?
Solution
The discount = 10% of $200 =   10    x 200= 20 100
So Cash price = original price – discount                                                             Amount  =    $200 –  $20 = $180 

2. The selling price of a shirt is $900. The trader gives 5% discount for cash. How much is the buyer paying. Solution The discount = 5% of $900 = $45
So Cash price = original price – discount amount
                        = $900 – $45 = $855

Begin the lesson by showing them an image of a market where buying and selling is taking place, then ask them what is happening i…

ESTIMATION AND APPROXIMATION MATHEMATICS LESSON NOTE AND PLAN FOR BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL

Monday Understand estimation and approximation
Round whole numbers to the nearest ten Resources  Inside out  mathematics Book 4, page  181 and 6 page 106 flashcards,  beads, jelly bean, glass jar,  currency note biscuits, books, pencils.
Introduction to estimation and approximation Estimation is a way of saying a sum is nearly about a figure or find something close to the correct answer. If we write 99, we say that it is nearly or about 100. Another word for estimation is approximation.  this sign means “approximately equal to”.
When rounding numbers, do notice the following: a. digits that are less than 5 are rounded down, I.e replaced by zero. b. digits that are 5 or greater than 5 are rounded up. i.e 1 added to the original digit.

Rounding whole Numbers to the Nearest Ten  When rounding whole numbers to the nearest ten, simply round up or down the last whole number Note a. numbers like 20, 30,40,90, 100 200, 300, 800, 1000, 2000 b. numbers like 21, 22, 23, 24, are all rounded down to the nearest t…

DRAWING 2 AND 3 DIMENSIONAL SHAPES FOR BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS

DRAWING INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USES
1. RULER It is a piece of wood, metal or plastic with straight edges and marked with measurements.
Uses
It is used for measuring and drawing straight lines. .  2. THE 45 SET SQUARE The 45 set square is right angled triangle with two sides equal. It is mostly made of plastic.
Uses 1. for drawing parallel lines
2. For drawing and measuring angles mostly angle 45 degree. .  3. THE 60 – 30 SET SQUARE It is like a scalene triangle. Mostly made from plastic.
Uses 1. it is used for drawing scalene triangles
2. it is used for measuring and drawing angle 30 and 60
4. THE PROTRACTOR The protractor has the shape of a semi-circle with with the angle at the center divided into 180 degrees.
Uses 1. it is used for measuring and drawing angles
2. its base can be used to draw straight lines
5. THE PAIR OF COMPASSES It is a V-shaped instrument with two arms. The longer arm is usually with a pointed end like the needle. The second arm on the other hand is shorter, having a hole and a fastene…

3 DIMENSIONAL PLANE SHAPES LESSON PLAN AND NOTE FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL

DEFINITION  3 Dimensional shapes are shapes which have 3 dimensions i.e length, breadth, height.  Examples are cuboid, cube, sphere, cylinder, pyramid, cone and prism. 
Properties of The Cuboid  1. It is a solid which has rectangles for all its faces.  2. It has 6 rectangular shaped faces.  3. It has 12 edges or lines 4. It has 8 corners or vertices. 
Properties of The Cube 1. All it faces are square shapes 2. The cube has 6 squared face.  3. It has 12 straight edges equal in length.  4. It has 8 corners. 
Properties of The Cylinder A cylinder is a shape with 2 circular ends and a long curved side.  1. It has 3 faces, 2 circular and 1 curved.  2. It has no vertices or corners 3. It is made of one rectangle and 2 circles. 
Properties of The Sphere A sphere is a perfectly round shapes like ball, earth, tennis ball and basketball.  1. The sphere has one circular face.  2. It has no corner or vertex.  Properties of The Cone The cone is a solid which usually has a circular base and slanting sides and pointed at…

2 DIMENSIONAL PLANE SHAPES LESSON PLAN AND NOTE FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY CLASSES

.  DEFINITION 2 Dimensional plane shapes are flat shapes which are close or bounded and have two dimensions i.e length and breadth.  Examples are rectangle, square, kite, circle, parallelogram, rhombus, trapezium.  .  Properties of The Rectangle 1. A rectangle has four sides 2. Two opposite sides are equal and opposite 3. It has 4 corners 4. Each corner is right angle 5. The diagonals are equal and bisect each other 6. It has two lines of symmetry
Properties of Square 1. It has four equal sides.  2. It has four corners and each is right angled (angles at 90°) 3.The diagonals are equal and bisect each other.  4. A square has 4 lines of symmetry. 
Properties of The Parallelogram  1. It has four sides.  2. Two opposite sides are parallel 3. Two opposite sides are equal 4. Opoosite angles are equal 5. It has two unequal diagonals
Properties of The Rhombus 1. It has four sides 2. The four sides are all equal 3. Opposite sides are parallel 4. Opposite angles are equal 5. It has two unequal diagonals
Properties of The T…
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